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Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones that is between 4,000 and 5,000 years old. See the fact file below for more interesting information and facts about Stonehenge.
- Stonehenge is probably the most well known prehistoric stone monument in the world. It is located in Wiltshire, England and is 2 miles (3 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury.
- It is located in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England and there are several hundred burial mounds in the area.
- Archaeologists believe Stonehenge was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC, which would make it between 4,000 and 5,000 years old.
- Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks (artificial mounds of rock and soil) and evidence found in 2008 indicates that it may have been an ancient burial ground from its earliest beginnings.
- Some archaeologists believe Stonehenge might have been used as a calendar.
- Stonehenge is one of over 1,000 stone circles found in the UK and is the most famous stone circle in the world.
- Almost a million people visit Stonehenge every year and it is owned by the Crown (also known as the state) and managed by World Heritage. The land Stonehenge is on is owned by the National Trust.
- A new visitor centre was built for Stonehenge in 2013 at a cost of around £35 million in total.
- There are 83 stones at Stonehenge and two different types of stone are used.
- The larger stones are called sarsens and are up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall and weigh 25 tons (22.6 metric tons) on average. It is widely believed that they were brought from Marlborough Downs, a distance of 20 miles (32 kilometers) to the north.
- The smaller stones are called bluestones because they have a blue tinge when wet or recently broken. These weigh up to 4 tons and come from several different sites in western Wales, having been transported from as far away as 140 miles (225 km).
- It is still unknown specifically how the stones were transported to Stonehenge in ancient times and there are many theories and ideas. They may have been sailed along the river on wooden boats or pulled using primitive sleds made from tree trunks. Another possibility raised by scientists is that during the last ice age, glaciers may have carried the stones from Wales to somewhere closer to Stonehenge. If that theory is true, then the makers of Stonehenge wouldn’t have had to carry them so far.
- To put in perspective the amazing structure of Stonehenge, scientists estimate that it may have taken around 20-30 million man-hours using the primitive tools available at the time. With 10,000 men working on the site for 20 days each year, for 8 hours per day, it would have taken 12.5 years to complete.
- It is not known who the makers of Stonehenge were, but they built it with mathematical precision as well. The circle is precisely matched to the direction of the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset and the movements of the moon.
- British author John Michell believed that Stonehenge was built on several ley lines. These are supposedly lines of energy that run all of the world and connect many ancient sites.
- Stonehenge has appeared in folklore and cultural depictions throughout the ages. One legend says that the Devil placed Stonehenge, while another from Arthurian legend says that Merlin the magician created the stone circle.
- The site has also appeared in a number of films and popular culture. In the 2010 film Stonehenge Apocalypse an ancient piece of machinery is found beneath the bedrock. In the 1985 film National Lampoon’s European Vacation, Chevy Chase accidentally reverses his car into Stonehenge and knocks all of the stones down. More recently, the Norwegian comedy band Ylevis released a song called Stonehenge in 2013.
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Stonehenge worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about Stonehenge which is the remains of a ring of standing stones that is between 4,000 and 5,000 years old.
Throughout the extensive worksheet pack there are multiple lesson resources and quizzes for students to practice their knowledge which can be used within the classroom or homeschooling environment.
Included Stonehenge worksheets:
Is it True?
In this activity, students must write whether the statement is True or False.
Students will tackle this Stonehenge quiz in the form of a crossword which students will complete using the knowledge gained from previous activities and quizzes.
Analysis of primary source fact sheet and answering of a number of challenging questions.
How was it built?
Theory based writing task where students must write their theory as to how Stonehenge was built.
Writing task! News article writing on Stonehenge.
Merlin & The Stonehenge
Research task. Students are challenged to research Merlin and his connection to Stonehenge. They must then answer a range of questions.
Look for it
Research a man made structure close to the student or in the students country. Create a profile for the structure. Great activity!
3,000 BC to 2,000 BC Part I
Research other man made structures from the time of Stonehenge and mark on the provided map.
3,000 BC to 2,000 BC Part II
Challenging selection of questions to answer.
Essay writing task where students must write about the significance of these ancient people who built what they can innovate based on their own discovery.
After completing these worksheets students will be able to:
- Have a clear understanding about the history of Stonehenge and it’s importance.
- Complete a number of quiz and fill in the blank activities to test their knowledge of the subject.
- Understand the theories of how it was built.
- Compare with other ancient monuments and have an understanding of Ancient structures from that time.
- Understand facts and fiction based upon studies.
- Writing about their ideal candidate and express what they want for the Nation & the world.
- Understand chronology and timelines and use dates to identify other famous monuments.
- Create news stories, research posters & write persuasive essays. Multiple core literacy skills are worked on and are the foundation of this study worksheet pack.
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.